Controlled Wood

Although FSC is the fastest growing forest certification system in the world, many forests still do not meet FSC’s standards for healthy forests and strong communities, which is why Controlled Wood exists. FSC Controlled Wood (CW) verification provides an assurance that 100% of the virgin fibre mixed with FSC-certified and recycled fibre comes from a verified and approved source.


What is Controlled Wood?

Controlled Wood is virgin wood or wood fibre that can be mixed with FSC certified material in the production of FSC Mix products.

FSC controlled wood has been verified as having a low risk of sourcing wood from any of the following unacceptable categories:

  • Illegally harvested forests;
  • Forests harvested in violation of traditional and civil rights;
  • Forests in which high conservation values are threatened;
  • Forests that are being converted to plantations or non-forest use; or
  • Forests in which genetically modified trees are planted.

How can Controlled Wood contribute to a FSC MIX label?

Products that carry the FSC Mix label can comprise a minimum of 70% FSC certified and/or recycled material, and at most 30% controlled wood.


Why do we need Controlled Wood?

Although FSC is the fastest growing forest certification system in the world, many forests still do not meet FSC’s standards for healthy forests and strong communities, which is why Controlled Wood exists. FSC Controlled Wood (CW) verification provides an assurance that 100% of the virgin fibre mixed with FSC-certified and recycled fibre comes from a verified and approved source.


How is Controlled Material Verified?

FSC’s Controlled Wood standards define the minimum requirements that non-certified forests and fibre must meet in order to be mixed, under strict circumstances, with FSC-certified and/or recycled fibre.

  • FSC Controlled Wood Standard for Forest Management Enterprises (FSC-STD-30-010 V2-1)
    Implemented by Forest Management Enterprises
    This Standard specifies basic requirements applicable at the forest management unit level for forest management enterprises to demonstrate to a company or third party certification body that the wood supplied is controlled. It allows forest management enterprise to provide evidence that the wood they supply has been controlled to avoid wood from unacceptable sources.
  • Requirements for Sourcing FSC Controlled Wood (FSC-STD-40-005 V3-0)
    Implemented by companies that want to source Controlled Wood
    This Standard has been designed to allow companies to avoid wood from unacceptable sources through a risk assessment and due diligence process. A risk assessment must be undertaken on both the origin of material and mixing with ineligible material in the supply chain. The Standard is only applicable for organisations purchasing or selling material that does not already carry an FSC Controlled Wood claim.

National Risk Assessment

National Risk Assessments assess risks associated with the undesirable forestry activities on non FSC-certified lands, including illegal harvest, forest management that violates workers or Indigenous Peoples’ rights or threatens high conservation values, conversion of forest to non-forest uses, and use of genetically-modified trees. In the Canada, the primary risks identified are related to Indigenous Peoples’ rights, critical habitat for species at risk (including woodland caribou) and Intact Forest Landscapes. The FSC Canada National Risk Assessment identifies measures for how companies can mitigate these risks. Learn more here.


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