A Smallholder is a producer who has a small area of forest, harvests timber at a low-intensity, or is part of a community who owns and/or manages a forest, or agrees as a group to let a third party manage the forest for them. Smallholders are, for example, known as small woodlot owners, family foresters, small non-industrial private forest owners, community forestry operators and non-timber forests product harvesters.
Small Forests are forest management units (FMUs) less than 1,000 hectares.
Low Intensity Managed Forests can be defined in two different ways:
- Forests (regardless of size or intensity) used solely for harvesting non-timber forest products;
- Forests where the harvesting rate is less than 20 percent of the mean annual increment in the total forest production area of the unit and where the annual harvest from the total production forest area is less than 5,000 m³ (averaged over the certificate lifetime).
Community producers own and manage their land communally, or on behalf of and with the consent of a community.