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Wednesday, 06 June 2018
Drone Technology is Making Forestry Faster, Safer, and More Efficient

You’ve probably seen kids, hobbyists and amateur photographers using drone technology for fun, but drone solutions have a great deal more potential than an afternoon’s worth of entertainment. These small, unmanned aerial vehicles are useful for a wide range of applications, from monitoring forest health, to measuring wood chip piles, to monitoring growth and health of a forest. Learn more about how drones are being used at FSC-certified mills.

By Daniel Persica

Domtar, a leading producer of pulp, paper and personal care products, also harnesses the power of drone technology to complete critical forestry tasks.

Domtar, recently started using drone solutions at their FSC-certified Ashdown Mill in Arkansas, USA as well as their FSC-certified Windsor, Quebec mill. At the Windsor mill, which also uses other high-tech harvesting techniques, drones calculate wood chip piles, monitor forest health and assist with nutrient assessments. Drones will soon play an even more critical role at Windsor as new dangers emerge.

“The use of drones is absolutely the biggest advance I’ve seen in this business in a long time,” says Teale. “They improve our efficiency and the accuracy of our calculations, they save us time, and they keep all of our foresters safer. The impact has been tremendous, so we’re excited to share best practices with others across the Domtar network and potentially expand the use of drones throughout other facilities.”

Here are three ways drone solutions are changing forestry.

1. Drone Solutions Monitor Forest Health

Ashdown Mill began using drones 2016. Today, Domtar colleagues use two drones to monitor local forests for diseased trees or invasive species. The ips beetle, also known as the engraver beetle, is a common pest that can burrow under bark and tunnel through pine and spruce trees, causing severe damage. Using drone solutions, foresters can quickly check for infestations. What used to take half a day is now accomplished in just 20 minutes.

Flying above the forest canopy, drones can easily spot disease and infestations, like this damage done by the ips beetle.

2. Drone Solutions Measure Wood Chip Piles

Drones also improve the speed and accuracy of inventory calculations at Ashdown Mill. Our mills produce massive wood chip piles, which eventually become paper or a range of personal care products. Previously, survey crews required half a day or longer to measure chip piles for volume. Now, drones take photos of the piles, and those photos are downloaded to a computer and analyzed. The process takes just 30 minutes and is exceptionally accurate.

Drones can photograph wood chip piles and download images to a computer for analysis.

3. Drone Solutions Monitor Growth and Harvests

Seedling survival is critical to ensuring the next generation of trees creates a healthy ecosystem. In the past, it took foresters several hours to walk a forest floor to check on recently planted trees and record data about survival rates and coverage. Today, drone solutions capture images that the mill’s forestry team can use to make those same observations within minutes. Drones can also monitor harvests to ensure the use of responsible forestry techniques.

Foresters can use drones to monitor new crops and ensure a higher survival rate for seedlings.

Commercial drone solutions offer tremendous value to our business. Drones are relatively inexpensive, and they save time. They can also improve accuracy, while safeguarding our colleagues from some of the dangers inherent in forestry. Other Domtar facilities, such as our Windsor, Quebec mill, have adopted drone solutions, and we are looking at ways to introduce the technology throughout our business.

“The possibilities are endless,” Teale says.

To learn more about Domtar’s use of drone technology and view footage of the drones in action, click here.

© Forest Stewardship Council® · FSC® F000205